CLUE: City Logistics for the Urban Economy


Research Themes

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Research Theme 1

Freight Data Warehouse (FDW), Data Collection and Data Science Applications

Theme Leader: Roorda (with Hassini, Gingerich, Park, Razavi); Industry Partners: Bosch, Esri Canada, Geotab; Public Sector Partners: Transport Canada, City of Toronto, Region of Peel

The FDW provides storage and access to large freight datasets necessary for the execution of CLUE research projects. The data enables novel data science applications, including applications in Theme 1 on freight flows, bottlenecks, safety and fuel efficiency, and pandemic supply chain performance and several projects in Themes 2, 3 and 4. Two surveys (and many more) are being conducted to enable analysis of freight demand and other applications.


Project 1.1: Establish the Freight Data Warehouse (FDW)
Project 1.2: Shipper and Truck Driver Surveys
Project 1.3: Visualizing and Animating Telematics Data
Project 1.4: Applying Data Fusion for Freight Bottleneck Analysis
Project 1.5: Assessing Network Safety and Fuel Efficiency via Big Data Analytics
Project 1.6: Supply Chain Analytics During/After Pandemic

Research Theme 2

Logistics Network Design for New E-commerce Delivery Models

Theme Leader: Hassini (with Bodur, Hatzopoulou, Nourinejad); Industry Partners: Geotab, ShipperBee; Public Sector Partners: Transport Canada, Region of Peel, City of Toronto

The volume of e-commerce shopping continues to increase but details of the demand and the congestion, environmental and economic impacts of single-package delivery are not understood. Projects in this theme develop data resources and analyses to assess trends in delivery demand resulting from e-commerce, their social, environmental and economic impacts and methods for the reduction of these impacts.


Project 2.1 Behavioral Location Models for Last-Mile E-commerce Deliveries
Project 2.2 Mitigating the Impacts of E-commerce in Neighbourhoods
Project 2.3 Environmental Justice Impacts of E-commerce
Project 2.4: Optimization of Crowd-shipping with Mobile Drop-off Points
Project 2.5: Logistics Models of Novel Last-Mile Delivery Systems
Project 2.6: Operational Challenges of Same-day Delivery
Project 2.7: Predictive Analytics in the First Mile to Improve the Last Mile

Research Theme 3

City Logistics Pilot Studies

Theme Leader – Roorda (with Gingerich, Nourinejad); Industry Partners: Bosch, Geotab, Walmart, LCBO, Loblaws, Retail Council of Canada; Public Sector Partners: City of Toronto, Region of Peel, York Region NGOs: The Atmospheric Fund, Pembina Institute

Increased road congestion, lack of suitable parking, inadequate loading facilities noise and vehicle restriction by-laws pose delivery operations challenges in last-mile logistics in the GTHA and increase vehicle emissions. A set of pilot studies demonstrate feasibility and assess efficacy of city logistics solutions, including a large-scale, off-peak delivery program, a cargo tricycle pilot, an autonomous vehicle delivery pilot, and an assessment of technology-enhanced curbside loading zones. These projects serve as demonstrations that could enable scale-up across the GTHA and Canada.


Project 3.1: Off-peak Delivery (OPD) Extended Pilot
Project 3.2: Cargo Tricycle Delivery Pilot in University Innovation Zones
Project 3.3: Autonomous Vehicle (AV) Delivery Pilot
Project 3.4: Curbside Loading Zone Pilot

Research Theme 4

Safety, Environment and Labour Force Dynamics

Theme Leader: Park (with Donmez, Gingerich, Hassini, Hatzopoulou, Verma, Nourinejad); Industry partners: Geotab, CHET; Public Sector Partners: Transport Canada, City of Toronto, Region of Peel, The Regional Municipality of York.

The number of freight deliveries continues to grow, increasing the interactions between trucks and vulnerable road users, emissions, congestion and the burden on drivers. These projects use analysis, simulation and optimization to understand driver behaviour, develop solutions to mitigate unsafe behaviour, and to identify opportunities to improve parking supply and optimize traffic signalization. It also studies equity, diversity and inclusion in the logistics labour force dynamics and demographics.


Project 4.1: Safer Interactions Between Trucks & Vulnerable Road Users
Project 4.2: Reducing Fatigue Collisions by Optimizing Long-Haul Truck Parking Supply
Project 4.3: Truck Driving Safety and Eco-driving Scoring System
Project 4.4: Enhancing Freight Mobility and Safety with Managed-Lane Tactics
Project 4.5: Long-Combination Vehicle Corridor Traffic Signal Management
Project 4.6: Multi-modal Transportation of Hazardous Materials
Project 4.7: Labour Demographics & Dynamics